Macao is one of Asia's most up-to-date cities in terms of its infrastructure facilities including an international airport, a new road network, new urban planning, and the most advanced sewage treatment plants and solid waste incineration plants in Asia. It has modern office blocks and top quality hotels, highly qualified manpower, all of which lend local residents and tourists the ease of living in the 21st century.
Refining Investment hardware and bolstering competitiveness
The government has placed an emphasis on improving the physical investment environment locally, increasing international competitiveness and creating favourable conditions for regional co-operation. The major investment programmes to be pursued by the Government of the MSAR this year are as follow:
-- Planned complementary infrastructures at the Taipa-Coloane Land Reclamation Site
Now that the Lotus Bridge and COTAI Border Checkpoint have been completed and come into operation. Thereafter, the main roads linking the major projects will have to be built, providing a basic link into the other urban roads, as well as the basic sewage and drainage systems, electricity supplies and telecommunications cables.
-- Olympic Swimming Pools
Preparing for the 2005 East Asian Games, an Olympic swimming pool is going to be built next to the Macao Stadium on Taipa Island. This will improve the sports facilities in the MSAR. The Olympic Swimming Stadium, which costs US $ 15 million to build, covers 7,200 square metres and includes a 25m(25m diving pool and a 25m(50m swimming pool.
-- Renovating the Border Gate Checkpoint
Because of the increasingly frequent contacts between Macao and Zhuhai, the Government is looking at the possibility of renovating the Border Gate Checkpoint. Construction of the new Border Gate Checkpoint will be starting in 2001. The new Border Gate Checkpoint will covers 30,000 square metres. Counters for travellers and passages for vehicles will be increased. The Border Gate will be retained and a Border Gate Square will be established.
-- The Third Macao-Taipa Access
As the population of the islands grows, at peak hours the traffic flow of the two bridges, especially that of the Ponte Nobre de Carvalho, reaches saturation point. In response to the development of the society, the government is considering building another Macao-Taipa Access - a double deck bridge opening in all weather condition.
Environmental protection is crucial in ensuring a quality standard of living for local residents. The Solid Waste Incineration Plant costing 67 million US dollars came into operation in 1992. Its processing of solid waste is the most advanced and most geared towards environmental protection currently existing in the Asia-Pacific region.
The Territory's third sewage treatment plant came into operation in April 1999, since when all the territory's waste water is given appropriate treatment prior to being discharged into the sea, so as to avoid pollution. The first sewage treatment plant was built on the Macao peninsula and opened in 1996 while the second plant, on Taipa, was opened in 1996.
The Government of the MSAR is dedicated to bolstering environmental inspections, refining existing facilities for environmental protection such as the sound pollution network, the geographical environment network, providing on-going campaigns to enhance public awareness and teach companies about environmental protection, and complying with international conventions relating to the environment, so as to make Macao into a " city of sustained growth"
---- Macao International Airport
The Macao International Airport cost 1200 million US dollars and was the largest and most important infrastructure project built in the Territory in the 1990s. It is located on Taipa Island where there are road links to Friendship Bridge and Lotus Bridge, providing access into the peninsula of Macao and the Chinese mainland, as well as the ferry terminal. The Airport, designed to handle an average of 6 million passengers each year, creates direct links into the most important cities in China and other countries.
---- Road networks and bridges
Two bridges and a six-lane highway link the peninsula of Macao into the islands of Taipa and Coloane, which has led to speedy development on the islands. Friendship Bridge in 4.5 kilometres long and cost a total of around 75 million US dollars. It was built in 1994 and was the second bridge to link Macao to the islands. The isthmus that provides a road link between Taipa and Coloane was extended in 1998 and has three carriageways in each direction. Lotus Bridge came into operation in March 2000 and cost a total of 25 million US dollars. It connects Taipa and Montanha Island before linking in to the highway between Guangzhou and Zhuhai. This new bridge established a new border crossing between the MSAR and the Mainland, also helping to relieve the extremely heavy traffic at Portas do Cerco Border Checkpoint.
---- Macao Ferry Terminal
The new ferry terminal was budgeted at 100 million US dollars and came into operation in 1993. Built to process an annual average of 30 million passengers, it has significantly enhanced the Territory's capacity to handle tourists from Hong Kong and other regions in the Mainland. Jetfoils are the most commonly used form of transport by tourists visiting Macao.
---- Container and oil terminal
Regular operations at the new container began in December 1991, and the commercial operation at the oil terminal in June 1995.The new container and oil terminal are at Ka Ho Port on Coloane Island. The new terminal bolstered Macao's role as a trading hub between the Chinese hinterland, neighbouring regions and the rest of the world. This project was crucial to keeping the Territory on the right track for development. The container terminal will be extended as required by Macao's economic development.
---- Nam Van Lakes Project
This is one of the largest private investment projects to have been undertaken since July 1991 and now the foundation has been completed. The project covers 130ha, including two artificial lakes with a total areas of 80ha, and five development sections. Four zones covering 1,472,500 square meters are used for building construction. The Nam Van Lakes Project involves investment of 1,875 million US dollars and represents a 20?increase in the land area of Macao peninsula.
The 120 million US dollars Nam Van Tower, with a toatal height of 338 meters, invested by Sociedade de Turismo e Diversões de Macao( Macao Tourism and Amusement Company) in the Nam Van Lake area will be completed in the near future.
---- Macao Cultural Centre
This project cost a total of 100 million US dollars. The Cultural Centre is located in the Outer Harbour Land Reclamation zone near the Macao Ferry Terminal. In physical terms, it is one of the Territory's largest infrastructure projects and can be seen by tourists arriving at the ferry terminal. The top quality facilities provide a dedicated environment for cultural performances in the Territory.