Geography and Population Geographical Location

The Macao Special Administrative Region (MSAR) is a part of China’s territory. It is located on the Southeast coast of China to the west of the Pearl River Delta. Bordering on Guangdong Province, it locates 60km from Hong Kong and 145km from the city of Guangzhou. Local time is eight hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.

According to Executive Order No.128/2015 dated 20 December 2015: as stipulated in Decree No. 665 of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, the Macao Special Administrative Region comprises land and marine areas, with the land area comprising the Border Gate Macao Checkpoint Building section and the Canal dos Patos section, and the marine area comprising six sections: the Inner Harbour section, COTAI channel section, southern Macao waters section, eastern Macao waters section, artificial island section, and northern Macao waters section. The boundary to the west is meridian 113º31’41.4”E, to the east 113º37’48.5”E, to the south parallel 22º04’36.0”N, and to the north 22º13’01.3”N.


Due to land reclamation along its coastline, Macao has grown in land area from 11.6 square kilometres in 1912 to 30.5  square kilometres. Macao consists of the Macao peninsula and the two islands of Taipa and Coloane. Three bridges, Nobre de Carvalho Bridge, Friendship Bridge (Ponte da Amizade) and Sai Van Bridge, link the peninsula to Taipa, while the two islands are linked by COTAI Reclamation Area.


The population of Macao is estimated to be 648,400  . Population density is 21260/square kilometre, and the northern part of the peninsula is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.

According to Executive Order No.128/2015 dated 20 December 2015: as stipulated in Decree No. 665 of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, the Central People’s Government explicitly determines that the area of waters of the Macao Special Administrative Region is 85 square kilometres.

The population has increased rapidly over the past 20 years, with an annual growth of four percent. In 2014, the growth rate was 4.6 percent. The natural growth rate was 0.79 percent. The number of net immigrants was 5,500, a year-on-year fall of 76.4 percent. The decrease was mainly attributed to the outflow of non-resident workers.

Population estimate of Macao as at 31 December 2014: 49 percent of the resident population were male and 51 percent were female.

The results of the Census 2011 also indicated that among the population of 582,000, 92.3 percent was Chinese, 0.9 percent was Portuguese, and 2.7 percent was Filipino.

Chinese and Portuguese are the official languages of Macao, and more than 94 percent of the population speak Chinese. Portuguese is spoken by about 0.7 percent and the remainder speak English or other languages.

According to the results of the Census 2011, more than 50 percent of Macao’s population have been living in the territory for more than 15 years. Meanwhile, 40.9 percent of the population were born in Macao and 46.2 percent were born in the Mainland, while more than 10 percent of residents are from other regions.


Macao is situated in a subtropical zone, with the Asian continent to the north and a wide tropical sea to the south. In winter, Macao experiences a north wind, cold and dry weather and low rainfall, due to a cold continental high-pressure system at medium and high latitudes. In summer, Macao is mainly subject to southwesterly winds, hot and wet weather and heavy rainfall, due to the influence of oceanic tropical weather systems.

Macao has an average annual temperature of 22.6ºC. The coolest month is January, when it averages 15.1ºC. Most years, Macao has a short, cold weather period when temperatures fall below 5ºC. The average monthly temperature exceeds 22ºC during seven months of the year.

Macao is frequently hit by typhoons. The typhoon season starts in May and ends in October, with July and August as its peak period.

More information: Statistics and Census Service ( / Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau (